Let us fight against FGM (Female Genital Mutilation)
Female genital mutilation is a culturally and gender-specific issue that faces many women from parts of Africa and the Middle East. The process involves stripping women of certain parts of their own genitalia out of a deep-rooted fear of women's sexuality. The procedure violates women in these parts of the world, but is still seen as a right of passage for many people.
More about this cause
FGM incorporates four different procedures: clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation, and less specific surgeries. While the clitoridectomy is the removal of the clitoris, excision is removal of not only the clitoris but also the labia minora and parts of the labia majora. Infibulation, on the other hand, seals the vaginal opening using either the labia minora or the labia majora. Other surgeries involve pricking or scraping.
The risks involved can be anything from hemorrhaging to possible death immediately. Over a period of time, however, can lead to severe outcomes like childbirth complications and psychological issues such as PTSD and depression. Despite the severe immediate and long-term effects, over 3 million girls are at risk of FGM. This is mainly due to the social pressures placed on these women and girls within these societies to emulate certain standards of modesty and femininity.